Lighted Yard Decoration
The word costume is used to describe the different body types for this Shepard and the other yard decorations.This costume is constructed using the basic-pattern-1 and adding the facials features and hat desired.
Fabric color depends on the costume. Suggested fabric would be a cotton polyester mix usually about $1.50 to 2.95 per yard. Double knit fabric is also good but make sure you can see light through it or it will not illuminate. A Shepard often wore light colored clothing with no adornments.
Fabric for face, remnant, usually 1/8 yard and miscellaneous colors for eyes mouth etc. The best fabric is the same as the body or felt can be used for eyes, mouth and nose…not for the face.
A piece of 8 to 10 gauge wire to fit the bottom and top of the costume, approximately 30 to 34 inches.
Five feet 1 inch PVC pipe,
One 3” toilet flange, one 3” to 1 ½ inch bushing and one 1 ½ to 1 inch bushing; all plumbing connections.
One male adapter, one female adapter, one “T” and three end caps all for the 1 inch PVC
One box 100 count outside mini lights.
Four metal tent stakes and four metal garden stakes.
Fabric comes in standard sizes…usually 45 inch width or 60 inch widths…some more some less but most 45 or 60.
For a 5 foot costume using the measurements in the basic-pattern-1
You will need 4 yards of fabric 45 inches wideYou will need 3 yards of fabric 54 inches or greater
The Shepard is made very similar to the wise men but hold a staff instead of a gift. Make the basic-pattern-1 and add the following to create the face, hat and optional arms.
THE HEAD of the Shepard
The head on the Shepard is the same as the head on the small snowmen. The crown of the large snowman is used as the head piece. See making the crown on the
hat instruction to make this pattern. Cut one.
TABS for the Shepard
On the pattern paper, draw a 2 inch by 5 inch rectangle and cut out 4 pieces of body fabric. These will be your tabs to secure the costume to the ground.
Place all body and hat pieces on the selected fabric and cut out.
THE FACE for the Shepard
The face is an oval cut in half or a triangle with a very round point. Draw a line 6 inches long, make dot in the middle and draw a line 8 inches long forming a “T”. Draw a line from the top of the 8 inch length to the end of the 6 inch side, then to the other 6 inch side…a triangle. Round the tip of the triangle forming the chin. Use the top of a lid as a form if necessary. Cut one.
My Shepard does not have any facial features. I just have light brown skin as a face shape, then added a beard around the edges of the face.
Put the top edge of the face on the top edge of one of the four body sections. The top of the face should be slightly smaller than the top edge of the body pattern. Only the top edges of the face should go over into the seam allowances. Pin in place and zig zag again around the face (or glue and let dry). Do NOT use fusible webbing to secure the entire face. Then turn your fabric to the wrong side and cut away the fabric 1/8 inch from the zig zag or glue that is behind the face. Zig Zag on the wrong side again or glue edges down securely. This creates a face that will illuminate when lit.
The facial hair can be added now or later. I add the beards after the entire piece is finished because I didn’t want the yarn to get caught in the seams when I was sewing up the body etc.
ASSEMBLE THE BODY for the Shepard
Now assemble the body by sewing the two side pieces onto the face body piece and then the back piece onto the two side pieces. Use a serger to finish the edges or zig zag all raw edges together. If necessary, zig zag the edges twice. Remember the wind. The seams must be very secure.
Turn bottom of this body up ½ inch and press with iron. Then turn the edge up 1 inch again, press and sew. Leave about 3 inches open (don’t sew) in the middle of the back piece. This makes a pocket for the wire that will hold the form of your body.
Fold the long ends of your tabs to meet at the middle and press, then fold in half and press. Sew together.
Fold each tab in half and place on the inside or wrong side of costume at each seam just above the pocket or hem stitching.. Sew on top of the pocket or hem stitching and sew securely in place. I sew across this 3 to four times to make sure it will stay. These will take a lot of abuse outside, so if you want your costume to last, make it secure.
Head for the Shepard
The head on the Wise men, Drummer boy, Joseph, Mary and the Shepard are all the same. The variations in color and added adornments come from you. The head simulates the wrapped head scarf of the Middle east.
The Top pattern piece will have a short gathered piece all the way around. On the sides of the head the scarf will cascade down and around to the other side. The circumference of the 8 ½ Top circle is approximately 22 inches. To add gathers add ½ of this amount to the length of this measurement; 33 inches. The gathered piece will be 1 inch wide when folded so 2 inches.
Draw a rectangle 33 inches long, 2 inches wide then add seam allowances (the ½ or 5/8 inch all the way around the rectangle). Cut out the pattern, then cut out one in fabric. Sew the short ends together, then fold in half with wrong side together and baste around the entire piece.
To add the draped scarf piece the measurement from one side of the head draped the distance the scarf is to hang to the other side of the head is needed. Each one of my costumes has a different drape but it does not have to be that way; they can be all the same. To add a drape that drapes under the chin of the face slight you will need at least a 24 inch long piece. The scarf width should be at least 6 inches, in this example we will be using 8 inches.
Draw a rectangle 24 inches long and 8 inches wide. Add the seam allowances. Cut out the pattern then cut out one in fabric. If you are using fabric the frays your will have to bind the edges of the long side of the drape. There is one of two ways to accomplish this. Serge the edges or press under ½ the long seam allowance then fold and press again the same allowance and sew. In this example it would be folding up ¼ inch, then fold on itself another ¼ inch and sew in place.
Baste the short side of the drape and pull to gather to about 6 inches or less. Pin onto the head of the Wise man on the side between the back side seam and the front side seam on both sides of the costume. Baste in place.
Divide the short gathered piece in four equal parts, then pull the basting on to match the circumference of the circle. Baste in place.
Baste around the outside edge of the circle. Divide the circle in four equal parts. Gather the edges. Match the four equal parts with the seams on the top of the body adjusting the gathers to be equal all the way around. Sew onto body. REMEMBER : there is a 1 inch seam allowance here.
Cut down the short gathered piece and the draped piece to about ¼ away from the seam. Zig zag or serge the edges of the one inch seam together leaving about 3 inches open in the back. A good idea, if not serging, to zig zag twice. This is the pocket for the wire.
ARMS (optional) for the Shepard
Another Decision. My arms are simulated with trumpet sleeves with hands that are sewn with a pocket to hold the staff.
An arm is a tube that trumpets at the end
TRUMPTED SLEEVE/ARM for the Shepard
To make a trumpeted sleeve, cut a triangular piece. . The arm length is going to be approximately 2/3 the height of the body. 4 foot body is a 2 foot arm length that has seam turned ends already accommodated. Draw a line five inches long, mark a point 24 inches from the 5 inch line. Draw a 14 inch line centered just below the 5 inch line. Draw a line that connects the end of the 5 inch line to the 14 inch line on both sides. Add 3 inches to the length of the 14 inch line straight down. In other words do not extend the line outward to make a larger triangle but straight down. This is adding the hem to the sleeve/arm. Cut two, Turn under ½ inch one each end of the short side of the arm. Sew length wise to make a tube. Turn the bottom of the arm up 3 inches to form the hem of the sleeve/arm.
MAKING A HAND
To make hand that holds something, trace around your own hand with your fingers and thumb together . Lengthen the hand about 2 inches and add seam allowance. Add 5 to 6 inch piece for the wrist and arm area. Cut four.
Sew the hand starting at the wrist and around the hand to the other side of the wrist. Turn. Take the end of the fingers and turn toward the palm/wrist area and slip stitch to hand. This is the pocket the staff will go into.
Put the wrist area of the hand inside on the sleeve (with seam down) and sew up the endThen position the arm about 1/3 down from the seam at the top in the middle of the side piece and slip stitch to side piece.
At this point you may want to finish the rest of the costume inserting the wire and place on a stand so you can position the hands holding the staff in an angle to the body. One hand should be on the top of the other making it look like the Shepard is holding a staff. Use a light weight pole like a broom handle. Place the Shepard on the stand and put staff through the hand pockets angling the broom handle in the position of the staff. Pin hands onto the front the body securely. Carefully remove the staff and costume from the stand and sew hands onto costume close the bottom of the wrist and sleeve.
Put wire into one side of the pocket in the top of the Wise man. Move it through the pocket until it pops out the other side. Overlap the wire about 2 inches. Tape the entire 2 inch section the duct tape making sure to cover the ends of the wire securely with the tape. I use a white tape color.
Insert a wire in the bottom of the Shepard the same as above.
All this is left is the
STAND FOR THE SHEPARD